Policy and pricing description of incremental dist

2022-10-13
  • Detail

The policy and pricing of incremental distribution in each province shows that the reform of incremental distribution business is one of the directions of power reform. At the beginning, the "No. 9 document" of power reform proposed that the main purpose of liberalizing incremental distribution investment was to hope that the infrastructure construction can also implement mixed ownership, on the one hand, attract investment and promote economic growth, on the other hand, improve the efficiency of power operation through mixed ownership

for the innovative measures of national power, some analysts pointed out that the first batch of 105 pilot projects of incremental distribution business were officially launched, marking the further acceleration of power reform, and distribution companies are expected to accelerate their entry into the incremental distribution market in the future

provincial policies

Hunan

with the approval of the state, the pilot area of the first phase of incremental distribution business reform in our province is Zixing Dongjiang experimental method. There are four industrial parks to choose from: Huda data Industrial Park, Hengyang Baishazhou Industrial Park, Yiyang high tech Development Zone and Xiangtan economic development zone

explore and study the implementation of differentiated electricity prices for users with high reliability and special power quality in incremental distribution business areas; Encourage the implementation entities of incremental distribution projects to finance by issuing corporate bonds, special bonds, project income bonds, medium-term notes, etc; Guide policy banks to increase credit support for incremental power distribution construction and transformation projects under the premise of legal compliance and controllable risk; Study the inclusion of power distribution construction and transformation projects into the preferential catalogue of enterprise income tax; Explore the reliability insurance method for power supply reliability management

Hainan

refers to projects that have been included in the national incremental distribution business reform pilot list or in the provincial incremental distribution business reform pilot list. In principle, power distribution refers to local electricity with voltage level of 110 kV and below and industrial parks (economic development zones) with voltage level of 220 kV and below

Yunnan

the provincial competent energy department is responsible for proposing a list of qualified power sellers who can carry out distribution operations. The market entities in the catalogue apply to the energy management department of the local government as the owners of incremental distribution projects according to the plan. The energy management department of the local government shall publicly, fairly and justly select the project owner through market-oriented mechanisms such as bidding, clarify the project construction content, construction period, power supply scope and sign an agreement, and determine the scope of power distribution area at the same time

policies: (1) strengthen the organization. Under the leadership of the provincial power system reform leading group, the leading department should timely organize relevant units, establish and improve the working mechanism of the power sales side reform, implement the specific implementation, regularly summarize the progress of the power sales side reform, and promote the continuous deepening of the reform

(II) steadily promote and support the power related enterprises in the province to establish power distribution enterprises in the central Yunnan new area, Wenshan Baise Industrial Park and other national new areas, key industrial parks above the provincial level, cross-border economic cooperation zones, border economic cooperation zones, and bonded areas, focus on promoting the reform of power sales side, pilot the liberalization of incremental distribution business, steadily promote and summarize experience, and gradually promote to the whole province

(III) focus on supporting relevant enterprises to build and operate power distribution through competition and establish power distribution enterprises integrating distribution and sale; Support large power industrial enterprises with multi-point layout in the province to establish power sales companies; Support enterprises that will integrate the power of cascade hydropower stations in the river basin to establish power sales companies; Support qualified power generation enterprises and power consumption enterprises to establish power sales companies

(IV) strengthen publicity, strengthen the publicity of the reform of the power selling side, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties, and encourage qualified market players to participate in the power selling market

(V) during the implementation of other implementation requirements, the provincial development and Reform Commission is responsible for the interpretation and timely adjustment and release in accordance with national policies; In the process of issuing supporting plans for power system reform, all relevant departments should strengthen the connection with the implementation plan of Yunnan Province's electricity sales side reform

Shanxi

incremental distribution assets include two parts: first, for the historical formation, the realization of Guoshan process: the experimental process, measurement, display and analysis are all completed by computers; The existing distribution assets other than Xi'an electric power company and Jinneng Group Co., Ltd. can be regarded as incremental distribution business. Second, new power distribution with voltage level of 110 kV and below will be included in the annual construction plan of power distribution, and social capital will be encouraged to participate in construction and operation management

policies: (I) encourage social capital to participate in the construction of new distribution in the form of mixed ownership

(II) the verification and settlement method of distribution price of power selling companies with distribution assets

(III) the operation mode of market transactions by power selling companies with distribution assets

(IV) the operation mode of power supply points (self provided) in the power supply operation area

(V) Explore the risk prevention mechanism of power selling companies with distribution assets

Jiangxi

according to the national deployment, orderly liberalize the distribution business, and encourage social capital investment, construction, and operation of incremental distribution (in principle, it refers to 110 kV and below voltage level electricity and 220 kV and below voltage level industrial parks, economic development zones and other local electricity). Eligible market entities can apply to the competent energy department as the owner of investment and operation incremental distribution projects according to the plan, including 220 kV projects to the Provincial Energy Bureau, and 110 kV and below projects to the development and Reform Commission (Energy Bureau) of cities divided into districts. The Provincial Energy Bureau and the development and Reform Commission of cities divided into districts (Energy Bureau) jointly with relevant departments determine the owner of the project through open, fair and just selection through the market-oriented mechanism, clarify the project construction content, construction period, etc., and sign an agreement

Guizhou

the six pilot projects of incremental distribution business reform in Guizhou Province are Weng'an county industrial park, Tongren manganese barium new material industrial agglomeration area, Qingzhen economic development zone and Gui'an new area. The new distribution business outside the existing distribution assets of its power enterprises will be openly, fairly and justly selected as power supply entities through market-oriented methods. Incremental distribution mainly refers to local electricity such as 110 kV and below voltage level electricity and 220 kV and below voltage level industrial parks, and does not involve the construction of 220 kV and above transmission

Fujian

encourage orderly investment in social capital, operate incremental distribution, promote the development of distribution construction, and improve the efficiency of distribution operation. The increase of social capital investment, in which distribution is absolutely controlled, has the power distribution operation right, has the same rights as power enterprises in the power supply business area, and earnestly performs the same and obligations. Strengthen the overall planning of distribution and enhance the transparency and public participation of the planning. The distribution must be organized and implemented in strict accordance with the plan. Strengthen the supervision of fair access to electricity, electricity investment behavior, cost and investment and operation efficiency. Encourage the development of incremental distribution business in the form of mixed ownership, and focus on high-tech industrial parks, economic development zones, circular economy parks, industrial parks and rural power, and release the incremental distribution investment business to qualified entities

Shandong

in accordance with the requirements conducive to promoting the development of distribution construction and improving the efficiency of distribution operation, explore effective ways for social capital to invest in distribution business, gradually open incremental distribution investment business to qualified market entities, and encourage the development of distribution business in the form of mixed ownership

Henan

in accordance with the requirements that are conducive to promoting the development of distribution construction and improving the efficiency of distribution operation, with no increase in the cost of electricity for users, focusing on industrial clusters, large mining areas, etc., gradually liberalize the incremental distribution investment business to qualified market entities, and encourage the development of distribution business in the form of mixed ownership

Guangxi

in accordance with the requirements that are conducive to promoting the development of distribution construction and improving the efficiency of distribution operation, gradually liberalize the power sales business and incremental distribution investment business such as urban expansion areas and industrial parks to qualified market entities. Encourage social capital or invest in distribution business in the form of mixed ownership

Beijing

carry out pilot work of incremental distribution business in development zones, industrial parks and key functional areas where conditions permit, encourage social capital to invest in incremental distribution business, promote the construction of power infrastructure in our city, improve distribution operation efficiency, reduce distribution costs, better provide power services to the majority of users, and ensure the power supply of the capital

Hebei

explore effective ways for social capital to invest in distribution business, promote the pilot reform of the power sales side in appropriate regions, and orderly release incremental distribution investment business to qualified market entities. Those who invest in incremental distribution holdings of social capital will have the right to operate distribution after obtaining the power supply business license, have the same rights as power enterprises in the power supply business area, and earnestly perform the same and obligations, and undertake the minimum power supply services

how to price

the orderly liberalization of electricity rationing business to social capital is one of the key tasks of this round of electricity reform, and it is also the focus of attention from all walks of life. In October 2016, the national development and Reform Commission and the Energy Administration issued the administrative measures for the orderly liberalization of distribution business, which further clarified the idea of the liberalization of incremental distribution business. In December of the same year, the approval of 105 pilot projects of incremental distribution business reform also showed that the pace of incremental distribution business reform accelerated, and relevant policies entered the pilot implementation stage

just as the reform of transmission and distribution electricity price is the core foundation of this round of electricity reform, the incremental distribution pricing mechanism is also the key to the success or failure of the reform of distribution business liberalization. A reasonable pricing mechanism is not only the need to stimulate market vitality, guide social capital scientific investment, and promote the healthy development of incremental distribution, but also conducive to standardizing the behavior of incremental distribution investment and avoiding blind investment chaos

1 Analysis of current distribution pricing mechanism

at present, the relevant incremental distribution pricing methods and rules have not been issued at the national level, However, in the administrative measures for orderly liberalization of distribution business, it is mentioned that "the distribution price of incremental distribution areas is determined by the province (District, city) where it is located." The competent price department shall formulate it in accordance with the relevant provisions of the national transmission and distribution electricity price reform and report it to the national development and Reform Commission for the record. Before the verification of the distribution price, the provincial electricity common network transmission and distribution price corresponding to the access voltage level of the power selling company or power users shall be deducted from the provincial electricity common network transmission and distribution price corresponding to the access voltage level of the distribution. "

as an interim measure in the pilot stage, the above provisions provide an operable and convenient pricing method, which is understandable, but after careful study, this interim measure may also have the following defects:

1) the tariff accounting method based on the stamp method includes a large number of cross subsidies between regions. The incremental distribution areas represented by industrial parks have high load density, high utilization rate of power supply equipment, and low power supply cost per unit of electricity, While the power supply cost per unit of electricity in remote and rural areas that meet the needs of universal service is significantly higher than the former, the division of the main body of income will undoubtedly lead to the reduction or increase of the income of universal service providers and the actual sharing cost of non incremental distribution users

2) incremental distribution is connected to public electricity through dedicated lines. Unreasonable asset interface division may increase the cost sharing of public electricity users and form a cross subsidy in favor of incremental distribution users, which is explained by an example below

according to the different access positions to the public, the incremental distribution can be divided into two types: one is connected to the transformer connection of the incremental distribution, and the other is connected to the feeder of the public transformer. The main difference between the two types of local electricity is that the ownership of the main and distribution connection equipment is different, as shown in Figure 1 (1) and (2). The 110kV transmission line and related equipment in type (1) are owned by the public electricity, and the 110kV transmission line and related equipment in type (2) are owned by the incremental distribution. According to the interim measures, the incremental allocation in category (1 eliminate backward enterprises and zombie enterprises) is used exclusively

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